This year, farmers will begin to reimburse part of the cost of putting into circulation unused agricultural land. 3 billion rubles are provided for this. subsidies, said First Deputy Minister of Agriculture Dzhambulat Khatuov at a meeting on the development of the agricultural sector in Khabarovsk, TASS reports. According to the official, reimbursement of expenses incurred in the implementation of investment projects is one of the most important tools to support the industry.
“When commissioning a farm, [livestock] complex, the state today reimburses 20-30% of the costs incurred [depending on the region]," Khatuov recalled, adding that previously this measure did not apply to unused land. During the All-Russian Agronomic Conference, he said that it was planned to compensate the farmers 30% of the cost of putting unused land into circulation.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, in 2016-2018, 3,5 million hectares of arable land were put into circulation, while 2,2 million hectares were eliminated from it. Saratov (+122,8 thousand ha), Volgograd (+67,1 thousand ha) and Orenburg (44,4 thousand ha) regions became leaders in the balance of land introduction and disposal. The most significant negative balance was recorded in Omsk and Kurgan Regions (-52,6 thousand ha and -45,8 thousand ha), as well as in Bashkortostan (-22,6 thousand ha).
In the whole country, by the beginning of this year, according to the agrarian department, there were about 9,8 million hectares of land suitable for putting into circulation. Most of all - 2,37 million hectares - in the Volga Federal District. In addition, almost 2 million hectares each can be cultivated in the Central and Siberian districts. In the North Caucasus, only 62,6 thousand ha can be put into circulation, in the South - 740,8 thousand ha. According to the plans of the regions, by 2024 it is planned to return 4,4 million hectares of arable land into circulation, including about 1,3 million hectares in the Volga Region and in the Center. The task of the Ministry of Agriculture is to ensure that arable land is returned to circulation more, since this is one of the factors for increasing production and export of agricultural products, said Roman Nekrasov, director of the plant growing department of the agricultural department, earlier. Therefore, the ministry was developing a new tool to support agricultural producers, which would motivate them to introduce unused land into circulation, he explained.
According to AFG National CEO Yuri Belov, it would be nice to introduce a subsidy at the federal level to reimburse part of the costs incurred when introducing fallow lands into agricultural circulation. “In some regions, such a measure exists, and in some it does not exist,” he commented to Agroinvestor. The holding returns land in circulation in the Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod and Rostov regions. The cost of introducing one hectare of deposits into circulation depends on the degree of neglect of these lands. “If a forest has grown on the ground, then first there is a sawing up of trees, uprooting of stumps, then double disking, plowing and harrowing. With such “heavy” deposits, the cost can reach up to 20 thousand rubles / ha, - rated by a top manager a year ago. “If the field is simply overgrown with weeds, then the cost will be about 6-7 thousand rubles / ha.” At the same time, working with fallow lands is always a matter of economics, Belov specified, - on the initially barren land, nothing but weeds will grow.
Last year, the Bio-Ton holding (which controls 403 thousand hectares of land in the Samara, Ulyanovsk and Saratov regions) put into circulation 14 thousand hectares of fallow lands, although it planned only 4-5 thousand hectares. “In 2019, we expect to return about 3 thousand hectares into circulation,” says Irina Logacheva, CEO of the company. The indicator may be higher depending on the budget. In general, since 2007 the holding has put into circulation over 105 thousand ha of fallow lands.
In 2018, Miratorg returned to circulation about 71,9 thousand hectares of land in the Bryansk, Smolensk, Kaluga and Tula regions, investing more than 159 million rubles, the company said. “The introduction of abandoned lands into circulation is a laborious and lengthy process that requires the use of specialized equipment, sophisticated agronomic technologies and significant investments,” the holding press service noted. “We are acquiring land that has been idle for decades and requires an integrated approach to return to agricultural production.”
A source: http://kvedomosti.ru/