This year, farmers will begin to reimburse part of the costs of putting unused agricultural land into circulation. 3 billion rubles are provided for this. subsidies, First Deputy Minister of Agriculture Dzhambulat Khatuov said at a meeting on the development of the agro-industrial complex in Khabarovsk, TASS reports. According to the official, reimbursement of costs incurred in the implementation of investment projects is one of the most important tools for supporting the industry.
“When commissioning a farm, [livestock] complex, the state today reimburses 20-30% of the costs incurred [depending on the region],” Khatuov recalled, adding that earlier this measure did not apply to unused land. During the All-Russian Agronomic Conference, he said that it is planned to compensate the agrarians for 30% of the costs of putting unused land into circulation.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, in 2016-2018, 3,5 million hectares of arable land were put into circulation, while 2,2 million hectares were eliminated from it. Saratov (+122,8 thousand ha), Volgograd (+67,1 thousand ha) and Orenburg (44,4 thousand ha) regions became leaders in the balance of land introduction and disposal. The most significant negative balance was recorded in Omsk and Kurgan Regions (-52,6 thousand ha and -45,8 thousand ha), as well as in Bashkortostan (-22,6 thousand ha).
In the country as a whole, by the beginning of this year, according to the agricultural department, there were about 9,8 million hectares of land suitable for putting into circulation. Most of all - 2,37 million hectares - in the Volga Federal District. Also, an additional almost 2 million hectares can be cultivated in the Central and Siberian districts. In the North Caucasus only 62,6 thousand hectares can be put into circulation, in the South - 740,8 thousand hectares. According to the plans of the regions, by 2024 it is planned to return 4,4 million hectares of arable land to circulation, including about 1,3 million hectares each in the Volga region and in the Center. The task of the Ministry of Agriculture is to make sure that more arable land is returned to circulation, since this is one of the factors in increasing the production and export of agricultural products, noted earlier Roman Nekrasov, director of the crop production department of the agricultural department. Therefore, the ministry was developing a new tool to support agricultural producers, which would motivate them to put unused lands into circulation, he explained.
According to the general director of AFG National Yuri Belov, it would be nice to introduce a subsidy at the federal level to reimburse part of the costs incurred when putting fallow lands into agricultural circulation. “In some regions such a measure exists, but in some it does not,” he commented to Agroinvestor. The holding returns land in the Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod and Rostov regions into circulation. The cost of putting into circulation one hectare of deposits depends on the degree of neglect of these lands. “If a forest has grown on the ground, then first there is a sawing of trees, stubbing, then double disking, plowing and harrowing. With such "heavy" deposits, the cost can reach 20 thousand rubles / ha, - rated by a top manager a year ago... - If the field is just overgrown with weeds, then the cost will be about 6-7 thousand rubles / ha. " At the same time, working with fallow lands is always a matter of economics, Belov specified, - nothing but weeds will grow on the initially barren land.
Last year, the Bio-Ton holding (controls 403 thousand hectares of land in the Samara, Ulyanovsk and Saratov regions) put into circulation 14 thousand hectares of fallow lands, although it was planning only 4-5 thousand hectares. “In 2019, we expect to return about 3 thousand hectares to turnover,” says Irina Logacheva, CEO of the company. The indicator can be higher depending on the budget. In general, since 2007, the holding has put into circulation over 105 thousand hectares of fallow lands.
In 2018, Miratorg returned to circulation about 71,9 thousand hectares of land in the Bryansk, Smolensk, Kaluga and Tula regions, having invested more than 159 million rubles, the company reported. “The introduction of abandoned land into circulation is a laborious and time-consuming process that requires the use of specialized equipment, sophisticated agronomic technologies and significant investments,” the holding's press service noted. “We are acquiring lands that have stood idle for decades and require an integrated approach to return to agricultural use.”
A source: http://kvedomosti.ru/