Сегодня в Челябинской области стартует выставка УрФО, на которой аграрии обменяются опытом, посоревнуются и заглянут в завтрашний день АПК. Чем может похвастаться наш регион в этом секторе? Как живётся сегодня на Руси не только агрохолдингам, но и фермерам? «Губерния» выяснила это накануне «Дня уральского поля».
С какими успехами подходит Челябинская область к празднику? В чем мы первые и какую нашу продукцию любят иностранцы? И какую роль во всем этом играют фермеры? «Губерния» посвятила «Дню уральского поля» целый газетный номер. В этом материале — лишь некоторые факты.
Since 2012, the Chelyabinsk region has been demonstrating stable growth in agricultural production. In 2017, compared with 2016, the volume of agricultural production (AIC) increased by 1,6 percent and amounted to 126,1 billion rubles. According to Governor Boris Dubrovsky, the Chelyabinsk region today is on a par with other agricultural regions of the country, and feeds the South Urals with a variety of high-quality products:
— Ежегодно на территории области реализуются новые инвестиционные проекты в агросфере, появляются новые наукоемкие высокотехнологичные производства, как в сельском хозяйстве, так и в пищевой промышленности, — подчеркивает глава региона.
The South Urals feeds Russia and exports pasta, meat and sweets
2017 was the most fruitful in the past 25 years in the Chelyabinsk region. It was collected 2 million 307 thousand tons of grain. These achievements, according to the Minister of Agriculture of the region Alexei Kobylin, are associated both with favorable weather conditions and with the technical re-equipment of agricultural production. The subsidies paid 200 million rubles made it possible to purchase equipment with a total value of almost two billion rubles. This year, the amount of support in this area is also preserved. In general, state support for the agro-industrial complex in 2018 is 3,8 billion rubles, of which two billion are from the regional budget.
Livestock production was good in 2017. At the end of the year, 542 thousand tons of meat were produced, which is 30 thousand tons more than the plan. For the first time in the history of the region, the milk productivity of cows was 5 kg. The task facing the region is to bring these indicators in the future to 544-8 thousand kilograms, as is happening today in the best farms of the region.
Plan for 2018
Meat - 510,5 thousand tons
Milk - 427,4 thousand tons
Grain - 1 million 744 thousand tons
At the same time, for some key positions indicators are higher than planned: production of meat of all kinds - 543 thousand tons, milk - 455 thousand tons due to an increase in production on farms.
What are the first ones?
Chelyabinsk region ranks first in the Ural Federal District for the production of poultry, pork, eggs and greenhouse vegetables. The regional agro-industrial complex has high rating positions at the federal level: the first place in the production of pasta (the region produces over a quarter of the total Russian production of pasta - 29 percent), the second place in the production of poultry, the third place in the production of all types of meat and eggs .
What do we export?
South Ural exports agricultural products not only to other regions of the country, but also abroad, in particular to China. Among the promising directions for the development of export and import of products and agricultural technologies are also considered South Korea, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan. Agribusiness exports: poultry, pork, meat processing, flour and pasta, drinks and confectionery, sunflower oil.
Investment projects: from a breeding laboratory to a plant for drinks from vegetable raw materials From 2012 to 2017, in the Chelyabinsk region 27 large investment projects were implemented for a total amount of 39 billion rubles, and another 19 investment projects are underway. At the end of 2017, a project was launched at SUSUA under the grant of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation to create a complex of selection laboratories with the support of an industrial partner. This year, a plant for the production of beverages from vegetable raw materials was opened in Chelyabinsk, and in the fall it is expected to launch a new greenhouse complex in the mining zone. Investor funds, state subsidies and funds of the federal single-industry town development fund were attracted for the construction of the Ust-Katavsky greenhouse complex. The launch of a new greenhouse production in Ust-Katav will completely cover the need of the region’s population for greenhouse vegetables. The Gorny greenhouse complex in the Ust-Katavsk city district is 720 new jobs, 25 thousand tons of vegetables per year.
In five years, farmers tripled their total output
Recently, in society, more and more often they say that the future belongs to large agricultural holdings. Nevertheless, farming in the Southern Urals is not losing ground. Small farms, including family agricultural enterprises, actively participate in state support programs and receive development grants.
According to the Governorate, First Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Chelyabinsk Region Alexander Zavalishchin, state federal and regional support aimed in recent years to develop all forms of ownership, without exception, helps to strengthen the economic base of small businesses. As a result, the output of agricultural products produced in this sector of the agricultural sector is increasing. So, according to statistics, the share of production of farms and individual entrepreneurs in 2017 compared to 2012 increased three times - from 3,2 percent to 10,1 percent in 2017, while the total volume of production for this the period has doubled (from 69 to 126 billion rubles).
The most significant successes have been achieved in the production of crops. So, if in 2012 farmers collected 170 thousand tons of grain, which amounted to 24 percent of the total harvest, in 2017, farms collected almost half of the regional volume - 1 million 83 thousand tons of grain. In 2017, relative to 2016, the gross harvest of grain and potatoes by farmers increased by 33 percent, oilseeds - by 45 percent more, vegetables - 32 percent. The share of farms and individual entrepreneurs in the production of crop production as a whole, if counted from 2010, increased from 5 to 24 percent in 2017.
In 2017, peasant (farmer) farms increased the number of cattle to 32 thousand heads, of which 14,1 thousand were cows. This contributes to the growth of milk and meat production. From 2012 to 2017, milk production at farms increased by almost 40 percent - up to 21,7 thousand tons. 2 190 - so many farms and individual entrepreneurs (1 and 676 respectively) involved in agriculture are in the Chelyabinsk region, according to the Federal State Statistics Service as of January 514, 1.
Over six years, grant farmers created 400 new jobs
Farms today are the most active participants in the program, receiving subsidies in almost all areas of agricultural production development. According to the First Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Chelyabinsk Region Alexander Zavalishchina, if in 2011 subsidies to farms amounted to 95 million rubles, 179 farmers received support, then in 2017 this is already more than 440 million rubles, and the circle of recipients of subsidies increased to 586 small forms of farming .
Focus on meat and dairy farming Grants to novice farmers. Targeted support in the form of grants, which are allocated on a competitive basis, has a great influence on the development of the farming movement. From 2012 (to 2018 inclusively), 216 novice farmers received grants totaling 301,6 million rubles. These farms created 397 new jobs and another 93 will be created by grantees this year. This year, the amount of funding for grants was almost doubled: from 43,8 to 90 million rubles, and the number of grant recipients increased from 17 to 31 farms. Unlike in previous periods, basically all the grants were received in the direction of development of meat and dairy farming. Grants to family livestock farms. Since 2013, the region has also been implementing a grant program for family livestock farms. Over six years, 19 family farms worth 130 million rubles, nine meat and dairy farms and one horse farm each received support.
A source: https://gubernia74.ru
- The creation of family livestock farms is already the process of creating small agricultural enterprises with a higher production technology, using modern farming principles. As a rule, these are village-forming farms in which additional jobs are organized and which are of great importance for the development of rural areas, ”says Alexander Zavalishchin.