Territory of the region: 34,5 thousand square meters. km
Population: 1068934 people, over 41% live in rural areas.
Geographical location: the region is located in the north-east of the central black earth economic region, located at the intersection of important railways and roads connecting it with central Russia, the Volga region, south and west of the country.
Climate: temperate continental, the average January temperature is -10,2 ° C, July + 19,4 ° C, the growing season is 189 days, the annual rainfall ranges from 322 to 807 mm.
Relief: lowland plain with a predominant height of about 150 m above sea level.
Hydrography: about 1400 rivers flow through the region. The largest of them (over 200 km long): Tsna, Vorona, Bityug, Voronezh and Savala. In addition, about 900 artificial reservoirs with a total water volume of 534,5 million m3 are located in the region. The most significant (with a water volume of 5 to 13 million m3): Shushpanskoye, Chelnavskoye, Kershinskoye, Yaroslavl.
Land fund of the region: 3,4 million hectares. Agricultural land occupies 2,7 million hectares (78,9%). Arable land accounts for 2,1 million hectares (80,7%), black soil prevails (87% of farmland). Fertile soils are rightfully considered the main wealth of the region. 0,5 million hectares (18,2%) are occupied by hayfields and pastures, 1,1% are perennial plantings.
Priority areas of development
Agriculture is the leading sector of the region's economy; its share in the region's gross regional product is over 17%. In crop production, the main efforts of farmers are aimed at increasing production, improving its quality through the introduction of highly efficient varieties and wider use of modern resource-saving technologies.
Particular attention is paid to the technical and technological re-equipment of agricultural production, stimulating the development of small forms of management, and solving social problems in the countryside.
One of the most important crops for the region is potatoes. In the Tambov region, 5,4% of potatoes are grown from the total production in the Central Federal District.
Currently, agricultural organizations are expanding the acreage of potatoes and vegetables. Irrigation is increasingly being introduced into production, and modern storage facilities for potatoes and vegetables are being built.
Over the past five years, the cultivated area of potatoes in agricultural organizations of the Tambov region has grown significantly: from 2,8 thousand hectares in 2010 to 4,9 thousand hectares in 2014. The total area under potatoes in all categories of farms amounted to 39,8 thousand ha.
The gross harvest of potatoes in 2014 in agricultural organizations and peasant (farmer) farms of the Tambov region amounted to 125 thousand tons with an average yield of 208,3 c / ha. These are serious indicators for farmers in the region. So, in 2010, the gross harvest of potatoes in the commodity sector amounted to only 16,3 thousand tons, in 2012 - 73,2 thousand tons. On the whole, in the region last year 522,3 thousand tons were harvested with a yield of 131,2 t / ha (1 table).
In some farms, yields were approaching 300 c / ha. For example, 392 tons of potatoes were harvested at Tambov Farms LLC with an area of 12 ha for yields of 748 c / ha. Agro-Yurievo LLC with an area of 325,2 hectares produced 410 tons of potatoes with a yield of 11 c / ha.
It is worth noting the increase in potato growing area in agricultural organizations and K (F) X. For four years (from 2011 to 2014), it grew by 77%, from 3,4 thousand hectares in 2011 to 6,0 thousand hectares in 2014.
The administration of the region creates favorable organizational and financial conditions for the development of agricultural production. To this end, the Department of Agriculture of the Tambov Region developed the "Regional economically significant program for the development of potato and vegetable growing of open and protected soil in the Tambov Region" for 2015-2017.
The implementation of this program will allow to increase the volume of potato production in agricultural organizations and peasant farms up to 154,0 thousand tons in three years; sown area - up to 7,0 thousand hectares.
The program provides subsidies for the reimbursement of part of the costs to agricultural producers and peasant farms for the purchase of new specialized tractor and agricultural equipment for the production of potatoes and open-field vegetables, the purchase of new equipment for storage, processing, part-time processing, packaging of vegetables and potatoes, and the purchase of improved potato seed material.
Farmers in the region pay great attention to the organization of competent and efficient storage of potatoes. So, in a limited liability company "Green Valley" Michurinsky district capacity of modern storage is 60,0 thousand tons.
LLC "Tambov farms" Staroyuryevsky district - a farm specializing in the production of potatoes for the production of chips - has storage facilities with a capacity of 12,0 thousand tons.
LLC Agro-Yurievo Staroyuryevsky district, engaged in the production of ware potatoes and vegetables, has three modern storage facilities with a total volume of 10 thousand tons.
In 2013, a modern potato storage facility was built and commissioned in LLC Agrofirm Zhupikov Sosnovsky district for 12,0 thousand tons.
Successful development of potato growing is impossible without the organization of centralized procurement of potatoes and its further promotion in the market. In this regard, the departmental target "A regional economically significant program for the creation of logistics (wholesale and distribution) centers for the storage, pre-sale preparation and sale of potatoes and vegetables in the Tambov region" for 2014-2016.
The goal of the program is to create conditions for the formation of an integrated system of procurement, storage, pre-sale preparation and sale of agricultural products to increase the competitiveness of local agricultural enterprises.
To this end, the following tasks are envisaged: the creation of a network of vegetable stores and wholesale distribution centers for the sale of agricultural products, as well as the technical and technological modernization of the production, storage and processing of agricultural products.
The program plans to achieve the following results:
- improving the living standards and incomes of the rural population, preserving existing and creating new jobs;
- increasing the efficiency of production of potatoes and vegetables;
- an increase in the gross harvest of potatoes and vegetables by small forms of management: from 12,1 thousand tons in 2013 to 19,4 thousand tons in 2016 (the year the Program ends).
The program provides subsidies for the reimbursement of part of the costs to agricultural producers for the construction, reconstruction, modernization and technical re-equipment of logistics (wholesale and distribution) centers; purchase of technological equipment for storage, commodity processing of stored products, sorting, separation of impurities, sorting, packaging, packaging, refrigeration (heating) equipment for primary processing (freezing) and subsequent storage of vegetable products and potatoes; purchase of equipment and agricultural machinery to equip the logistics (wholesale and distribution) centers with equipment and machinery for loading and unloading.
Company LLC "Kornev Group".
In the winter of 2010, the idea was born of creating an agricultural holding in the Tambov Region, capable of providing the region and surrounding areas with environmentally friendly and cheap vegetables, as well as introducing new highly paid jobs for the villagers.
The development strategy was adopted as a strategy of maximum efficiency. It implies the presence of a large, constantly growing land bank, the introduction of the most effective methods for monitoring and cultivating land, and investing in the most useful and profitable production assets.
So an organization called "Green Valley"subsequently included in the Group of Companies LLC "Kornev Group". In the first year of operation, 3 hectares of lands of the unprofitable enterprise CJSC Privolie were acquired, a fleet of modern agricultural equipment from leading European companies was formed, and a potato storage facility for 500 tons of products was built. In 4000, active development and reconstruction began, as well as a partial introduction into the circulation of land for potatoes and other agricultural crops. In 2011, potato storages for 2012 tons of finished products were already involved in the work; 60 tons vegetable storehouse equipped with refrigeration equipment; A line for packing dry potatoes and vegetables was launched. By September 000, the land balance had grown by more than 2 ha. In the fall of 000, an elevator complex for 2012 thousand tons of grain was added to the production infrastructure, as well as a line for washing, grinding, calibrating and packing various types of packaging of potatoes and vegetables. By 10, the land balance increased to 000 ha.
Over the three years of its large-scale development, the company has formed strong ties with such consumers as CJSC Tander, X5 Retail Group, Metro Cash & Carry, Dixy Group, Auchan, Smart Velho, CJSC Frito Lay Manufacturing, Farm Frites Belaya Dacha LLC , companies for the production of frozen vegetables under the brands "4 Seasons", "Paints of Summer", etc. Developed and registered their own brands: "Kornev", "Tambov Potato" and "BorshchOv".
In 2014, the company management decided to introduce a quality management system in accordance with ISO 9001: 2008. The result of this work was the receipt of an international certificate from the German certification authority TUEV NORD, which gives confidence to the company's partners and customers in stable cooperation and the quality of their products.
In 2014, the potato cultivation area at Kornev Group LLC reached 2 hectares. Gross harvest amounted to 524 65 tons with a yield of 952 c / ha.
LLC Agrofirm Zhupikov - a large agricultural holding in the Tambov region, whose main activities are the cultivation of cereals, legumes, potatoes, milk and meat production. The cultivation of high-yielding high-quality potatoes is one of the primary tasks of the agricultural company.
In the fall of 2013, the farm commissioned a potato storage with a total storage capacity of 12 thousand tons. An import ventilation system of the Dutch company Agrovent and a washing and packaging line of the Italian company Sorma were installed at the facility. In the same year, the first laying of ware potatoes with an area of 180 hectares was made. The yield of this vegetable crop in 2013 was 33-36 t / ha.
In 2014, the potato planting area was increased to 360 ha. Of these, 200 hectares were under irrigation. The gross harvest in 2014 amounted to 8 tons. 576% of all planted potatoes were chips, the remaining 50% were food potatoes. Among the sowing material there are also elite seeds from Germany.
The grown potatoes of LLC "Agrofirm" Zhupikov "sells in the Tambov, Volgograd, Voronezh, Ryazan, Moscow, Rostov regions.
In 2015, it is planned to increase the area under potatoes to 500 hectares. The plans also include providing irrigation of the entire area for planting.
In recent years, the collective farm breeding plant has been steadily producing potatoes. "them. Lenin, LTD MFP "Niva" Tambov district, LLC "Vesta" Pichaevsky district, LLC State Farm Sukhotinsky Znamensky district, LLC Victoria, Muchkap district, etc.
In addition to these large agricultural organizations, potatoes are also cultivated by peasant (farmer) households, such as: KFh "Electron", KFh "White Cells", FE head of the KFH Borisov NN, FE Skvortsov, FE Mmagin, FE the head of the KFH Yumashev AA, KFH Zelenov and others.
It is safe to say that the Tambov region fully satisfies its domestic needs for potatoes and is capable of supplying surplus harvests to other regions of the country in significant quantities.