The 10th International Conference "Pesticides-2020" was held in Moscow. The event was attended by Russian and foreign manufacturers of plant protection products (PPP), distributors, representatives of state and scientific organizations, associations.
The conference discussed the main trends in Russian agriculture, the state and development prospects of the world pesticide market, trends and forecasts of the Russian plant protection products market. Questions were raised about the methods of combating counterfeit products, the system of state control over the circulation of PPP. A report on the Technical Regulations “On the safety of pesticides” was presented to the participants' judgment.
According to the press service of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Rosselkhoztsentr", the head of the department of services in the field of plant protection of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Rosselkhoztsentr" A.V. Alive. He informed the audience about the phytosanitary situation in the Russian Federation this year. In particular, he said that phytosanitary monitoring of pests and diseases (one-time basis) was carried out on an area of 183,2 million hectares. A.V. Zhivykh also cited data on the economic efficiency of phytomonitoring. This year, 3,8 million tons of seeds were subjected to phytoexamination, and 0,53 million tons of seed potatoes were subjected to tuber analysis. 4 million tons of seeds, 0,49 million tons of potato tubers were treated. As for the volume of work on plant protection, in total 92,4 million hectares were treated this year, including 24,3 million hectares for pests, 18,5 million hectares for diseases, 47,6 million hectares for weeds.
In the Russian Federation, 945,37 tons of biopesticides and 5658,32 million pieces of entomophages were produced this year.
In his report, A.V. Zhivykh dwelled in detail on especially dangerous pests common in the Russian Federation - locusts, meadow moths, harmful turtle bugs, as well as brown marble bugs, diseases - septoria, powdery mildew, fusarium spike of grain crops, etc.
So, this year, within the framework of locust control in the country, 9592,83 thousand hectares were surveyed, 1252,90 thousand hectares were inhabited, 478,49 thousand hectares were treated, 672 units of equipment, including 37 aircraft, were used. Regimes "Increased readiness" in connection with the existing phytosanitary situation were introduced in a number of regions of the Republic of Kalmykia, the Chechen Republic, the Volgograd region and other subjects. In 2020, the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Rosselkhoztsentr" is compiling a GPS map for the outbreaks of locust pests.
Particular attention in the report was paid to phytosanitary monitoring of objects of quarantine importance for the countries importing Russian grain. So, as of September 21.09.2020, 24,46, weed vegetation was recorded on 22,67 million hectares, diseases were studied on 25,4 million hectares, pests were monitored on 55 million hectares in XNUMX regions of the country, exporting grain abroad.
As for the tuber analysis for the detection of bacterial ring rot of potatoes, which is a quarantine disease for a number of countries importing domestic potatoes, 2020 thousand tons of potato shipments were analyzed in the Russian Federation in 551,9, the pathogen was detected in 1,02 thousand tons. The infected lots are destroyed.
Recall that the Russian market for plant protection products in 2019 added 28%, due to the growth of sown areas and the intensification of agricultural production. However, the coronavirus pandemic once again, according to the organizers of the conference, showed the dependence of our country on Chinese raw materials - 2020 began with a disruption in international traffic and delayed deliveries of plant protection products.
Of course, the global economic crisis has affected the cost of pesticides: in early April, prices soared by 10-20% due to the volatility of the ruble exchange rate. The most growing segment of the plant protection market is the biopesticides sector, in which farmers are showing increasing interest, and almost all large manufacturers have this product in their portfolios