The Ministry of Agriculture considers it necessary to introduce new varieties of potatoes in Russia and has already prepared a subprogram for the development of its selection. Now in Russia they cultivate mainly varieties of foreign breeders. Switching to domestic tubers will cost 12,2 billion rubles, but it will help overcome import dependence.
The draft government decree approving the subprogram “Development of selection and seed production of potatoes in the Russian Federation” implies the development of “promising domestic varieties of potatoes” and the provision of vegetable-growing enterprises with new equipment for these purposes. The document familiarized with Izvestia was prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture. The new subprogram will become part of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture for 2017–2025.
According to the project, it is expected that scientists will conduct at least 150 tests of new types and hybrids of potatoes in five different climatic zones of Russia. The goal is “to identify promising domestic varieties that are most in demand for subsequent introduction into production”. Among the expected results of the subprogram are a decrease in the level of import dependence of the industry, the introduction of new technologies for breeding and production of potato seeds, the creation of at least 17 new research units in this area. For all these purposes, the Ministry of Agriculture needs over 12 billion rubles. Of these, in 2017 - 588,9 million rubles, in 2018 - 1,4 billion.
The press service of the Ministry of Agriculture told Izvestia that “the successful implementation of the subprogram will allow not only to create new potato varieties using modern breeding methods by 2025, but also increase the annual production of planting stock of domestic varieties of the“ elite ”category.
According to the agency, potato growing in Russia is focused on the domestic market. About 4-5 million tons of table potatoes are produced annually in our country, up to 1 million tons of seed, the same goes for processing. Import of this product is about 500 thousand tons per year. Export does not exceed 100 thousand tons.
Experts note that most of the potato sown in Russia is a product of foreign selection.
“We have problems with seed potatoes.” We buy more than half of it abroad. Mainly in Germany, the Netherlands, Finland, Poland. We do not have a serious scientific and technical base, modern infrastructure for seed production. Therefore, the resolution prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture is very timely, ”said President Korolev, president of the National Union of Vegetable Producers, to Izvestia.
He also said that it is not possible to do without seed help precisely because seed producers are not ready to invest money in this direction themselves.
- These are too large, long-term investments. Moreover, the result of such investments will not necessarily be positive: you can engage in selection and get a negative result, without achieving the desired. Therefore, in seed production without the help of the state, nowhere, - said Sergey Korolev.
The press service of the Russian State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements told Izvestia that in 2016, 12 new potato varieties were bred in Russia. And for January-August 2017 - nine varieties. Over the past five years, domestic breeders have created 44 new types of these vegetables. The commission could not clarify whether they were introduced into production.
The Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture for 2017–2025 was approved by a government decree of August 25, 2017. The document provides for the creation of conditions for scientific and technical activities, attraction of investments in the agricultural industry, the creation and implementation of new seed production technologies, as well as the improvement of the agricultural personnel training system.
A source: https://iz.ru