The garlic business is a fairly profitable direction in agriculture, but the industrial production of this vegetable in Russia is not very developed. Today garlic is grown mainly in personal subsidiary plots, the available volumes do not cover even half of the needs of Russians. In the Stavropol Territory, garlic self-sufficiency is 26%. To change this situation and to contribute to the import substitution program was decided by Izobilie LLC from the Georgievsky District of the Stavropol Territory.
- On the Russian market, more than 70% of garlic is imported, mainly from China. As part of the import substitution program, we decided to start growing domestic garlic, sowed late winter garlic for market storage, and selected three varieties of domestic selection. For the harvest in 2021, we planted 200 hectares: there has never been such a volume in the Stavropol Territory, ”said Yuri Ishchenko, Executive Director of Izobilie LLC.
The farm has approached the cultivation of garlic thoroughly: the vegetable is still far from ripening, but the harvest is already being harvested here. Not only the usual dried heads, but also young garlic arrows are in demand. A Dagestan company, one of the largest producers of pickled garlic products in Russia, has become interested in raw materials that are unconventional for the region.
- We have already sent over 50 tons of arrows to Dagestan. For our partners from the republic, this is beneficial cooperation. In the region, garlic is not planted on such a scale: usually it is 30-50 acres in private household plots, so the buyer has to collect raw materials throughout the region, which is logistically unprofitable. In addition, such large enterprises as ours have a higher level of quality control and cultivation technology, ”explained Yuriy Ishchenko.
In the coming days, the enterprise will start collecting young garlic - there are already buyers for the next harvest in Dagestan and in central Russia. It is planned to sell about 300 tons of these products here. The rest of the harvest will ripen much later, but the farm is already ready to harvest it: specialized imported harvesters are waiting in the wings. A total of 200 hectares are planned to collect about 2 thousand tons of garlic.
- This year, over 11 thousand hectares have been allocated for vegetables in open ground in the region. Vegetable growers of the region have already received 118 million rubles of unrelated state support. The main crops for us are traditionally potatoes, onions, cabbage, tomatoes, but the proportion of garlic is quite low. The market today is filled with Chinese garlic, although the domestic garlic significantly surpasses it in taste and other characteristics, - stressed the First Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Stavropol Territory Vyacheslav Dryiger.
LLC Izobilie from the Georgievsky District specializes primarily in the production of seeds. There are 4 thousand hectares of irrigated land allotted for seed growing here - this is one of the largest agricultural lands under amelioration in the region. The priority for the manufacturer is seeds of corn, sunflower, soybeans and winter wheat.
But having taken a strong position in the field of seed growing, the company decided to master the vegetable growing industry. Last year, potatoes, carrots, onions, and garlic were planted here as an experiment.