For the harvest of 2021, 11,1 thousand tons of potatoes were planted in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, of which 49% were agricultural enterprises, and 51% were peasant farms and individual enterprises. The share of varietal seeds was 4,4 thousand tons (40%). The bulk of non-varietal potatoes (40% of the total) were planted by peasant farms and individual enterprises.
Before planting, 63% of seed potatoes were tested for sowing quality in the regional and inter-district departments of the branch of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Rosselkhoztsentr" in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. All tested seed material met the requirements of GOST. Of the tested high-quality potato seeds, reproductive seeds make up 81%, original 11% and elite 8%.
Potato growers of the region used 26 varieties for planting (10 varieties of domestic and 16 varieties of foreign selection). Despite the almost equal number of domestic and foreign varieties, the volumes vary greatly - foreign varieties account for about 79% of planted varietal potatoes, and domestic ones - only 21%. At the same time, compared to 2020, the share of domestic varieties increased by 9%.
Of the foreign varieties, the most popular among agricultural producers of the region are the following varieties: Gala, Vega, Colomba, Queen Anna, Red Scarlett, Rosara. At the same time, in recent years, the volume of planted potatoes of the varieties Koroleva Anna and Red Scarlett has doubled. Of the domestic varieties, Tuleyevsky and Tanay varieties are in demand every year.
To provide agricultural producers of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and neighboring regions with high-quality seed potatoes in one of the central districts (Sukhobuzim), LLC SPH “Dary Malinovki” operates, which is engaged in original in vitro potato seed production and cultivation of minitubers. In 2021, 0,9755 tons of minitubers of 60,64 varieties of potatoes were grown in greenhouses on an area of 12 hectares. Most varieties of Russian origin: Gulliver, Vympel, Krasa Meshchera, Meteor, Sadon, Violet, Favorite, Fritella. And also 4 varieties from the Netherlands: Innovator, Colomba, Lady Claire, Red Scarlett. Next year, SPH Dary Malinovki LLC plans to increase the production of minitubers.