In Geneva, discussed the viral and bacterial control of potato mini-tubers
On March 18, the 46th session of the Specialized Section for the Development of Standards for Seed Potatoes was held at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. The event was held by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) - the regional organization of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
The meeting was attended by a delegation of the FSBI "Rosselkhoztsentr" composed of Director A. Malko, heads of departments - services in seed production O. Androsova and in the field of plant protection A. V. Zhivykh, head of the Leningrad Region branch E. A. .Paul.
At the event, questions about the draft guide for the production of mini-tubers were examined, the results of studying methods for checking for damage to seed potatoes by viruses were discussed, and a draft questionnaire was proposed for studying methods for checking for damage from bacteria.
At the meeting, presented materials on diseases and pests Liberibacter, Andean potato weevils, tomato and potato moths, voiced questions of growing potatoes from seeds, about inspections that took place from a risk-oriented position, etc.
Recall that one of the main factors determining the level of potato productivity is the quality of the seed material used.
With long-term reproduction, potatoes accumulate diseases, mainly viral ones, which lead to its degeneration. To exclude damage to the potato by diseases, various biotechnologies are used in its reproduction. All the more important are the issues of controlling the “health” of the source material.
It should be noted that 7 laboratories (branches) of the Federal State Budget Institution Rosselkhoztsentr in the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Chuvash Republic, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Irkutsk, Novgorod, Leningrad Regions are engaged in the propagation of healthy material - potato micro-plants in an in vitro culture.
Last year, 126 thousand pieces of potato micro-plants were grown by agricultural producers.
A laboratory of microclonal propagation of potatoes was opened in the Leningrad branch of the FSBI Rosselkhoztsentr a year in January last year. It was created in the framework of the UN Economic Commission for Europe project “Strengthening the National Capacity of the CIS Countries for the Application of UNECE Agricultural Quality Standards”. Equipment for the production of healthy seed potatoes - micro plants and micro tubers - was supplied as part of the project.
(A source: I rosselhoscenter.co).