Large retail chains in Russia refuse to buy domestic potatoes. Instead, on the shelves are products from Azerbaijan, Egypt and Israel. Retailers call the cause of failure low quality. How Russian farmers are trying to rectify the situation, learned the correspondent of MIR 24, Roman Parshintsev.
At that time, when the first potato crop was already harvested in Egypt, Israel and Azerbaijan, Russian producers only go to the fields to sow.
The tractor driver Vladimir leans back in an armchair, his car plows itself - on autopilot. The main thing is that GPS does not lose satellites. As a result, the beds are obtained, as in a ruler.
“I ask him a route, one point, a second point, he remembers the field. And that's it, I'm going, I’m not doing anything else. Hands are free, ”said the tractor driver Vladimir Tropets.
The only thing knitting hand and foot, farmers say, is the massive refusal of retail chains to buy their potatoes from April to July. Say, rotten and old. Do not compare with the young from abroad.
“From March 15, the article on dirty potatoes was closed to us. Now we supply washed potatoes to the network. Looking for a dirty one, where to supply it. That is, this is really a problem for the peasants, ”said Yevgeny Khapertsev, Deputy General Director of Agrarian Economy.
According to the National Union of Fruits and Vegetables, half a million tons of potatoes were unclaimed. Losses according to experts - about 6 billion rubles. Many producers have sounded the alarm, according to the Potato Union.
“If our potatoes are not needed during this period, for networks, not for people, people are happy to buy it, then in this case, why do we invest so much money in this?” - the chief of apparatus of the Potato Union Tatyana Gubina asks a question.
Four years ago, many agricultural holdings updated their storage system. They built modern warehouses for 500 thousand tons, which allow preserving potatoes to a new crop with almost no loss.
This is our moisturizing, it must now be moistened, potatoes, so that it is not overdried. When the ventilation is turned on, water is turned on here, ”Vera Artamonova, the storekeeper, explains.
A storekeeper with experience Vera Viktorovna every day ensures that the temperature in the storage is not higher than 10 degrees, and the humidity is more than 85%. In this case, the room should be well ventilated.
And this is the real backstage of the potato warehouse. There are 2 thousand tons of potatoes behind the wall. And so that it does not rot and sprout, they create a special climate. Regulate temperature, humidity, CO2. And these are special moves of floor ventilation, with the help of which, all this huge mass of potatoes is blown from top to bottom.
There is no collusion, only business, representatives of retail chains say. Within a year, up to 90% of potatoes in chain stores are Russian. But by spring, its share falls in half. This year, cheap Egyptian young potatoes literally hit the market.
“We deliver imported potatoes to our shelves, young, until the supply of domestic young potatoes from the southern regions of Russia begins,” said Julia Tikhonova, lead procurement and development manager of the retail network, St. Petersburg.
Representatives of the Potato and Vegetable Unions of Russia appealed to the Ministry of Agriculture with a request to help establish a dialogue between Russian suppliers and distributors. The main thing is to have time to reach an agreement before the new crop is harvested so that the buyers are well fed and the money is safe and sound.
Over the past few years, Russia has built new modern storage facilities for half a million tons. This is approximately 10% of the total annual crop. The same volume has now turned out to be unclaimed.
A source: https://mir24.tv