Evgenia Serova, Director of Agricultural Policy at the Institute of Agricultural Research at the Higher School of Economics, at the conference "Crop Production in Russia" named the risks that the Russian agro-industrial complex may face due to climate change.
The first one is geographic. The farming zones will shift to places where there was no production before, which means there is no infrastructure, no personnel, and no technology. At the same time, in the regions of traditional farming, problems associated with unfavorable weather conditions - floods, droughts, will more often arise. According to the expert, it will be necessary to adapt to the new conditions technologically: to introduce irrigation, create new crop rotations, and use new varieties of agricultural crops. All this will require a very serious investment.
Dmitry Rylko, Director General of the Institute for Agricultural Market Studies (IKAR), claims that against the background of climate change, the margins of the agro-industrial complex in key regions of Russia are already changing. According to him, the southern regions are no longer bringing super-record profitability to agricultural producers, and certain regions of the Western Chernozem region - for example, the Kursk region - are in profit, but already lower in the profitability of neighboring Ukraine.