At the AGROSALON-2020 exhibition, the Rostselmash plant will demonstrate a number of electronic systems with which the company's unmanned harvester is equipped.
During the harvesting campaign this year, tests began on TORUM combines with autopilot systems based on artificial intelligence technology. These solutions can significantly improve the accuracy of agricultural machinery, the quality of grain threshing and a number of other parameters. Thanks to this, “smart systems” of combine harvester control increase their productivity by 15-20%.
Rostselmash has launched the production of unmanned harvesters as part of its innovative project "Autonomous Farm", which is aimed at increasing the level of agricultural automation.
According to the manufacturer, the TORUM harvester under the control of artificial intelligence is able to adhere to a predetermined trajectory of movement with an accuracy of 10 cm. The autopilot detects obstacles on its own, after which it stops the machine and informs the operator about the situation. The RSM Explorer Plus system, based on machine vision systems, is responsible for solving this problem. Its functionality includes turning control, automatic lifting of the header before its implementation and its return to the working position.
The RSM Router software and hardware complex helps to build the most efficient route for the combine's movement across the field. It is more difficult to solve this problem even for an experienced combiner than for artificial intelligence. Thanks to automation, the amount of grain loss is reduced, harvesting is done exactly on time, and the performance of the combines increases by 15-20%.
The algorithms on which the RSM Router system is based, when calculating the optimal trajectory for the movement of the machine, take into account the characteristics of a particular field and the crop growing on it.
The RSM Optimax block offers the combine operator the settings that will ensure the maximum efficiency of the machine under the current conditions, for example, weather conditions - at a particular temperature, humidity, etc. Information about which settings the artificial intelligence considers optimal is presented in a dialogue format windows on the on-board computer display. In this case, the final choice remains with the operator: he must confirm the changes in order for them to take effect.
The atopilot of TORUM combines collects data from a wide variety of sensors. For example, sensor devices installed in the grain hopper monitor the filling level. If it exceeds 25%, the Level Control system will not allow it to close. This will protect the fasteners of the silo structures from damage to the elements.
Other data processed by the autopilot include yield, bunker filling rate, etc. In particular, RSM Yield Mapping is based on yield and moisture sensors. It measures the harvest at every point in the field and generates maps of yield and moisture. These data are transmitted via the GSM channel to the Agrotronic computer platform, which visualizes them in the form of maps. They can be viewed at any time or downloaded for analysis. It is an effective tool for variable fertilization management and other applications. For example, when the yield changes, the autopilot automatically recalculates the time and place of unloading grain, and then sends this information to the drivers of trucks transporting the crop to the field. Rostselmash reports that this solution eliminates truck downtime in the field and optimizes logistics by 25%
The RSM AutoDriver steering system assists in steering the combine strictly parallel to its previous pass. The system receives the task through the Agrotronic platform, which includes a service for the differential correction of the vehicle heading. It allows you to position the harvester anywhere in the world with an accuracy of 2,5 cm.
Depending on the load on the motor, feeder house, threshing device, rotor and loss rate, RSM AutoCrop automatically adjusts the harvest speed. Its purpose is to provide a stable flow at the entrance to the threshing and separating device. Thanks to this, threshing and cleaning are carried out with minimal losses.
The unmanned TORUM harvester increases threshing efficiency, reduces the burden on agricultural machine operators and takes crop safety to a new level.
AGROSALON exhibition will be held from October 6 to 9, 2020 in Moscow, at the Crocus Expo international exhibition center.
AGROSALON is officially one of the largest international expositions of agricultural machinery and is the only exhibition in Russia that presents the products of the world's leading manufacturers of agricultural machinery at one site.