The Association of Deep Grain Processing Enterprises commented on the work of the industry in the first half of 2022, presenting data on the production, export and import of the most important types of products in this market. The political situation in the country was reflected in the interaction of the market for deep processing of grain with other countries - there was a significant decrease in both exports and imports of most types of starch products. At the same time, domestic production capacities traditionally show a slight increase.
The first half of 2022 can be characterized by an increase in the production of the main products of the grain deep processing industry, with the exception of dextrins and potato starch. Imports and exports of starch products are declining due to logistical problems and the breakdown of economic ties with European countries and some other traditional partners. Now there is a reorientation of companies to other markets - Asian, Middle East, some African countries.
The growth in the production of native starches in general amounted to 33% - 226 tons in the first half of this year compared to 180,8 tons in the corresponding period last year. This increase was provided by a high (170%) increase in the production of native corn starch - 022,7 tons for 42,8 months of 170. It is worth noting the increase in production volumes of the member companies of the association: Chaplyginsky Starch Plant JSC, Rustark LLC, Nyubio LLC. Such growth can be characterized as its further diversification in the production processes of more complex products of deep processing.
Wheat starch also showed an increase of 13,1% - its production for the first half of the year amounted to 50 tons. Potato starch showed a decrease of 779,4%. But the volumes of its production in Russia are negligible (17,4 tons for this half year), so the decline is not reflected in the total production volumes of the industry.
Last year, for the first 6 months, the production of starch modifications amounted to 29 tons, and this year - 112,5 tons. An increase of 42% was mainly provided by enterprises that are part of the Soyuzkrakhmal association: JSC Chaplyginsky Starch Plant, Aston Starch Products LLC and Amilco LLC. “Traditionally, native corn starch remains first on the list for starch modification. But to a greater extent, it goes to the production of modifications for industrial purposes. Food modifications are produced from waxy varieties of corn, which are grown at the request of individual companies and their production volumes are insufficient for domestic consumption, ”comments Oleg Radin, President of the Association of Deep Grain Processing Enterprises.
During the first half of the year, 1 tons of dextrins were produced, the decrease in volume was 177,0%. This is due to the fact that dextrin producers in the Oryol region decided to diversify resources - the company produced modified starches by 76,1 tons more than the same period last year.
The data on molasses remained almost unchanged - 233 tons this year compared to 823,0 tons last year. Special attention should be paid to the enterprises of Krakhmaloprodukt JSC, Amilko LLC and Rustark LLC, located in the Tambov, Rostov regions and Krasnodar Territory, which increased the production of glucose syrups from 229 to 150,4%.
A significant increase occurred in the category of glucose-fructose syrups - for 6 months of this year, 149 tons of this starch product were produced, and for 414,0 months of 6 - 2021 tons, which is 124% more in percentage terms. To a greater extent, the growth was due to an increase in the production volumes of Cargill LLC and Aston Starch Products LLC, which are part of the association, in the Tula and Ryazan regions.
“It can be assumed that consumer companies made purchases to build stocks. And also, the HFS market is affected by the cost of sugar, as an analogue in solid form, which remained quite high. According to Rosstat in June 2022 - 52 rubles / t, compared with the reporting month of 315,6 - 2021 rubles / t, ”explains Oleg Radin.
There is also a multiple increase in the production of maltodextrin (28 tons), which is 758,7 tons (or 11%) more than last year. This can be explained by the work of enterprises (Rustark LLC and Newbio LLC) at full capacity and increasing export potential.
In the first half of 2022, exports of products of deep processing of grain amounted to 56 tons. The share of exports decreased significantly for almost all major products of deep processing. However, maltodextrin exports amounted to 171,8 tons, which is 5% more than in the first half of 264,1.
Regarding the export of native starches, the statistics are as follows: for 6 months of 2022, 14 tons of corn starch were exported from the Russian Federation (322,1 tons for 16 months of 889,7), 6 tons of potato starch (2021 tons for 264,8 months of 1), 132,8 tons of wheat starch (6 tons for 2021 months of last year), as well as 621,9 tons of starch syrup (889,4 tons for 6 months of last year).
State protective measures have affected the amino acid market. The decrease in exports is associated with the ban on the export of lysine and amounted to only 47,7 tons of L-lysine sulfate. The import of lysine this year amounted to 45 tons, which is 366,1% more than in 72 months of 6. Such a significant increase in imports occurred after the zeroing of the import duty on amino acids. Now domestic producers of amino acids are working on the verge of cost and are asking for support from the state. The Association sent proposals to the Government of Russia.
At the same time, the export of wheat gluten remains traditionally high (30 tons, or 168,1% higher than in the period of 5,7), the bulk of which is exported for the production of feed for fish and productive animals.
Starch imports are more segmented than their exports - cassava starch, rice starch and other types that are not produced in Russia are imported into the country. During the specified period, the country imported: 6 tons of potato starch (a decrease of 500,2% compared to the first half of 29,7), 2021 tons of wheat starch (a decrease of 695,0%), 84,3 tons of corn starch (growth 2%).
For 6 months of 2022, 2 tons of modified starches were exported, which is 165,4% less than in the same period last year. At the same time, imports in this category showed the same decrease - 37,8% and amounted to 37,9 tons. The largest share of imports falls on food modifications with the "E" index.
Regarding other types of starch products, the import statistics are as follows: in the first half of 2022, 1 tons of maltodextrin were imported into Russia, and 998,3 tons of maltodextrin were imported in 6 months of last year, which is 3% less than this year. At the same time, 132,0 tons of glucose-fructose syrups were imported (a decrease by 36,2), 2 tons of starch syrup (a decrease of almost 525,7%).