In the region in 2021, it is planned to allocate 2025 hectares for potatoes (agricultural enterprises + peasant farms). This crop will occupy the largest areas in Belinsky, Penza and Nizhnelomovsky districts, in the latter they are engaged in the cultivation of potatoes for seed purposes.
As of May 18, specialists from the regional and interdistrict departments of the branch of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "Rosselkhoztsentr" in the Penza region checked 2,6 thousand tons of planting material. All seeds meet the requirements of GOST 33996-2016.
Lingering rains in early May have made their own adjustments: as of the current date, only 33% of the plan has been planted. One of the first, on May 3, to enter the field was the Belinsky district farm - LLC “Agromax”, where it is planned to plant 400 hectares of potatoes of the varieties Lady Claire and Opal. Specialists of the Belinsky regional department of the Rosselkhoztsentr checked 0,76 thousand tons of planting material. Seeds are 100% conditioned. The bulk of the future harvest will be used for food purposes. This year, the farm plans to start producing seed potatoes for sale, for which the planting material of the super-super-elite class was purchased.
In the Penza region, two farms are engaged in potatoes - LLC Agrofirma Razdolye and LLC Vyazovsky. This crop is grown for commercial purposes. LLC "Agrofirma" Razdolye "has just started field work. The planned planting area is 300 hectares. Elite potato seeds of the Gala variety were purchased in the Kostroma region, and the Zekura variety in the Samara region. There are seeds of our own production of varieties Colomba, Red Sonja, Madeira. LLC "Vyazovsky" plans to start planting potatoes in the coming days, the area is 72 hectares. Elite planting material was purchased in the Samara region (Bettina and Zekura varieties). The purchased seeds have certificates of conformity. To date, 0,69 thousand tons of potato seeds have been tested in the testing laboratory of the Penza interdistrict department of the Russian Agricultural Center.
In Nizhnelomovskiy district, farmers started planting potatoes on May 7. The planned sown area is 345 hectares, including 118 hectares in agricultural enterprises and 227 hectares in peasant (private) farms. 80% of the area is allocated for seed purposes. SEC Agrofirma Elite Potato, LLC Penzasemkartofel, IP head of the farm Podboronov Alexander Viktorovich, IP head of the farm Podboronov Alexey Viktorovich, FE head of the farm Podboronov Aleksey Yuryevich, IP head of the farm Ponomareva Galina Vladimirovna are engaged in potato growing.
Potato varieties Romano, Colomba, Bellarosa, Picasso, Gala, Lighthouse, Red Scarlett, Manifesto, Queen Anna, Arizona, Riviera, Zhukovsky early, Good luck will be planted. All seeds are tested, certified and meet the requirements of GOST. Seed categories from PP-1 to RSt. The specialists of the Nizhnelomovskiy interdistrict department of the Russian Agricultural Center checked 100% of the available planting material - 0,65 thousand tons.
To improve the germination of potatoes, tubers were vernalized before planting. When planting, mineral fertilizers are applied (azofoska 300 kg / ha) and tubers are treated against pests with chemical means of protection (Celest Top, KS-0,4 l / t).