According to the study, in 30 regions of Russia, potato production exceeds annual consumption (donor regions).
The largest donor region is the Bryansk region. The volume of production in 2013-2017 here amounted to 703,3 thousand tons, consumption is at the level of 59,8 thousand tons. The region, according to AB Center, has the ability to supply 643,2 thousand tons of potatoes beyond its borders without harming domestic consumption (comparable to the annual requirements of Moscow). In second place is the Tula region, where 73,4 thousand tons of potatoes of industrial cultivation are consumed with an average annual production of 454,5 thousand tons. The region has the ability to supply over its borders 381,8 thousand tons of potatoes (which, for example, significantly exceeds the annual requirements of St. Petersburg). The largest donor regions also include the Nizhny Novgorod Region, the Chuvash Republic, Lipetsk, Tver, Tambov Regions, the Udmurt Republic, Ryazan, Novgorod Regions (TOP-10). As for early potatoes, some regions of the South of the Russian Federation are leaders here.
Potato recipient regions
Moscow is the largest recipient region. The average annual needs of the capital for potatoes are estimated at 595,5 thousand tons. Deliveries to Moscow, according to AB Center, are carried out mainly from the Bryansk, Tula, Lipetsk, Tver, Tambov regions, some other regions of the Central Federal District, as well as from the Volga Federal District (Nizhny Novgorod Region, Chuvash Republic). In the off-season (especially April-June) - imports from Egypt, Israel, Azerbaijan, and some other countries. Deliveries from Belarus are at high levels (they are carried out both during the picking season and in the off-season). In June-July, Russian-made early potatoes are imported (mainly from the Krasnodar Territory and Astrakhan Region).
As for the region adjacent to Moscow, the Moscow Region, the region has not yet reached full self-sufficiency in potatoes, however, this indicator is at rather high levels and, according to AB Center estimates, is 90,3%.
In second place among the recipient regions of St. Petersburg with annual requirements of 253,0 thousand tons. In the North-West Federal District, despite the general shortage of locally produced potatoes, there are also donor regions - Novgorod and Leningrad Regions, where the total production volume exceeds the consumption volume by 66,1 thousand tons. This volume goes mainly to St. Petersburg. Potatoes are also delivered to the northern capital from the regions of the Central Federal District and from abroad (Belarus, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Israel). The third place among the recipient regions belongs to the Krasnodar Territory. The average annual industrial production here is only 78,3 thousand tons. The volume of consumption is estimated at 266,5 thousand tons. The region's demand for external supplies amounts to 188,2 thousand tons. It should be noted that the Krasnodar Territory, as a whole, the recipient region, in June-July acts as a donor region, acting as one of the main producers and suppliers of early potatoes.
At the same time, annually from mid-August to April, inclusive, the vast majority of potatoes sold in the region are imported from the regions of the Central Federal District. In the spring, as well as in early summer, supplies to the region of potatoes from Azerbaijan, Egypt are at high levels. In total, according to the AB Center study, there are 53 recipient regions in Russia.
A source: http://ab-centre.ru