According to the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation (Rosstat), consumer prices for gasoline have not changed over the week of April 15-22. The stability of gas prices was observed in the previous four weeks.
The cost of 1 liter of gasoline on average in Russia by April 22 was 43,97 rubles. Prices for AI-92 and AI-95 gasoline also did not change and remained at the level of 41,66 rubles. and 44,98 rubles. per liter, respectively. Diesel fell by 26 kopecks. up to 46,15 rubles. Director of the Center for Research on the Problems of the Real Economy at REU named after G.V. Plekhanova ”(TsIPRE) Andrey Bystrov notes that the decrease in the price of diesel fuel is associated with the transition to summer diesel fuel, which is several rubles cheaper than winter.
Over the past week, a decrease in gas prices was recorded in 12 centers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The most noticeable decrease in prices was noted in Kyzyl - by 1%, Kaliningrad and Sevastopol - by 0,5%. The increase in prices was noted in 12 centers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Most of all, gas prices went up in Salekhard - by 1,5%.
Director of the Center for Research on the Problems of the Real Economy at REU named after G.V. them. Plekhanova (TsIPRE) Andrei Bystrov explained why in Salekhard there is an increase in prices in retail. “The reasons for the change in prices on the territory of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug and, in particular, in Salekhard, can be as follows: firstly, by the Resolution of the Okrug Government dated May 16, 2013 No. 310-P, the Procedure for the formation of the marginal trade allowance for oil products prices in areas of the Far North, which is set at 10%.
In addition, if the allowance does not allow to cover expenses, then its increase is provided. For example, in previous months, seven local companies ranged from 14-30% percent. For example, in December 2015, a premium of 19,91% was set by Lukoil-Severo-Zapadnefteprodukt, the expert noted.
In Moscow and St. Petersburg over the past week, gas prices have not changed. At the observed Moscow gas stations, AI-92 grade gasoline cost from 40,79 to 43,99 rubles, AI-95 grade from 44,89 to 48,35 rubles. In St. Petersburg, the price of AI-92 gasoline ranged from 40,20 to 42,64 rubles, and AI-95 brand ranged from 43,30 to 46,85 rubles per liter.
According to Bystrov, the change in the price of gasoline is also affected by the season in which the fuel was purchased. “It is likely that the company sold a batch purchased at a lower wholesale price in previous periods, so now it can slightly reduce the cost. And vice versa: a batch could be purchased at a higher cost than before and the cost increased slightly, ”the expert said.
“However, the damping mechanism and the agreement with oil companies remain the main limiting factor. In the first quarter, the gas damper didn’t work in favor of oil campaigns, and therefore the Cabinet decided to adjust its formula, ”said Andrey Bystrov, Director of the Center for Electronic Information Technologies and Electronics.
The government continues to work on adjusting the parameters of the damping mechanism, which were previously agreed by the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak. As part of the parameters of the damping mechanism, the budget is ready to pay oil industry workers 450 billion rubles for the stable price of gasoline for the final consumer. As an additional source of compensation, the government plans to introduce an excise tax on surrogates for medium distillates, vacuum gas oil and fuel oil, as well as a premium for mineral extraction tax on oil. An agreement with oil companies to stabilize fuel prices continues to work. Petrol and diesel prices do not go beyond the limits specified in the agreement.
A source: http://kvedomosti.ru