This year, the country plans to put into circulation 1 309 thousand hectares of unused agricultural land - such plans were outlined by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. This was announced by Roman Nekrasov, director of the crop production department of the Ministry of Agriculture, at the Russian Agrotechnical Forum in Moscow. According to the slides presented at the forum, 2018 thousand hectares were commissioned in 1, and 164,2 thousand hectares in 2019.
According to Nekrasov, currently in Russia there are 9,6 million hectares of unused agricultural land that can be put into circulation without serious material costs, "they do not require a radical approach to land reclamation." In general, as of January 1, 2020, the area of unused arable land in the Russian Federation was 20,1 million hectares, follows from the slides of the Ministry of Agriculture.
As R. Nekrasov notes, the task has been set to put into circulation at least 2024 million hectares of agricultural land annually by 1. In 2020-2024, it is planned to commission 6 million hectares. As calculated in the Ministry of Agriculture, an increase in the grain yield in this case could be 9,2 million tons, oilseeds - 1,8 million tons.
Nekrasov stressed that the implementation of these plans largely depends on the technical support of the industry. “Together with the regions that will implement these investment projects, we calculated how much equipment might be required, and it turned out that for the introduction of 1,309 million hectares this year, it is necessary to purchase 7 thousand tractors, 5 thousand grain harvesters, 43 thousand units of trailed and mounted equipment ", - he said, specifying that this requires about 110 billion rubles.
According to the head of the department, currently the share of tractors older than 10 years in Russian farms is 58%, grain harvesters - 44%, forage harvesters - 41%. At the same time, according to Nekrasov, this year "the purchase of agricultural machinery has increased greatly, only tractors have added almost 1,4 thousand units to the level of last year." The volume of concessional loans raised for the purchase of agricultural machinery increased by 6 billion rubles this year. compared to last year. According to Nekrasov, by 2024 the annual purchase of tractors will approach 14 thousand, grain harvesters - to 6 thousand units.