The agrarian week opened with a plenary meeting of the international conference “Innovative systems of selection, seed production and vegetation management as a key factor in increasing the competitiveness of agriculture”.
The conference was moderated by Dmitry Butusov, Deputy Chairman of the Oryol Oblast Government for the Agro-Industrial Complex. The agricultural forum was opened by the head of the region Andrey Klychkov.
- “Agrarian Week - 2018” is an important event not only for our region, but for Russia as a whole. We have something to be proud of and what to show guests, ”he said.
The acting governor of the Oryol region emphasized that the agro-industrial complex is the driver of the regional economy.
- 251 thousand people live in rural areas, which makes up slightly more than 33% of the region’s population. The industry employs 37,1 thousand people, or 11,2% of the total number of people employed in the economy of the Oryol region, said Andrey Klychkov. - Purposeful work on the intensification of the industry, the introduction of advanced resource-saving technologies and precision farming technologies, and the increase in the sown area of crops allows us to obtain good results.
For the second year in a row, we get a record harvest of not only grain, but also sugar beets. Soy and rapeseed production is growing. In grain production, we confidently crossed the three millionth milestone. In 2017, the harvest of 3,2 million tons was the most important achievement in the industry. This is the maximum yield in the region for the entire period of the new and Soviet history of the region. This result was achieved due to the high yield, which amounted to 37,4 kg / ha, which is 73% higher than in 2010.
The head of the region said that now the agri-food complex, like the whole economy, works in rather difficult socio-economic conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the economic component of production.
Also, Andrei Klychkov talked about the problems of lack of agricultural machinery, soft loans, seed purchase and plant protection.
- Now the Russian agro-industrial complex, small and medium-sized businesses are faced with an ambitious task, so that in the next few years the volume of export of products will exceed imports. Export development today is the number one task. Russia sends agricultural products to more than 60 countries. A quarter is in the CIS countries, 19% of supplies go to East Asia, about 17 to Africa, and 12% to Europe. The main agricultural export commodity remains grain - it accounts for 40% of all deliveries of agricultural products abroad, ”the governor said.
During the conference, the head of the region awarded with medals and thanks to the Ministry of Agriculture of the best agricultural workers in the region. And to the General Director of JSC Shchelkovo Agrochem, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Salis Karakotov, he presented the anniversary sign “80 years of the Oryol Region”.
The first word to speak at the conference was given to the honorary chairman of the Federation Council, full member of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, honorary citizen of the Oryol region Egor Stroyev. He spoke about the importance of the development of science in agriculture, recalled how difficult it was to raise agriculture in the post-war period, as no one then could have imagined that in the Oryol region such productivity as 40-50c / ha is possible.
“Without science, we will not be able to solve the tasks facing our country,” said Yegor Stroyev. - My native, Oryol region, I gave 60 years of my life.
The most difficult years passed with her. Then no one believed that it was possible to feed the country. In that poverty it was impossible to imagine. But science, analytical mind ... Scientists believed.
And in the end, now we have created a base that allows us to manage agricultural resources. Today, few people also believe in the breakthrough of Russia announced by our president Vladimir Putin. And I say that we are not given another: either we will break ahead, or we will remain at the margins of history.
We have a powerful intellectual potential, which was not in the post-war years, Russia has products to feed its people.
Academician, Secretary of the Department of Agricultural Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yuri Lachuga read out a solemn greeting from the provisional governor of the region to the forum participants from the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Sergeyev He made a presentation at the conference "Agriculture - Crop Production". The academician said that Russia has great potential for the production of agricultural products.
The volume of agricultural exports from the Oryol region in 2017 amounted to 62,1 million US dollars - Our country is actively and vigorously entering the grain markets, becoming a grain power. For the first time in the history of the Russian Federation, we have taken a huge step to increase wheat productivity - we have collected 3 tons per hectare! New varieties of winter wheat appear. But we must turn this quantity into quality! Three quarters of wheat grown in Russia - 4 and 5 classes. This is an alarm bell. And this is our complex task - to change the current situation.
The assistant head of the FANO, doctor of agricultural sciences, professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences Ekaterina Zhuravleva spoke at the meeting about the scientific support of crop production problems. She emphasized that now our outstanding breeding schools are experiencing the need for personnel.
“We even turn to schools,” she said. - In Moscow, academic classes are being created in which, from school, children learn the basics of selection, applying their knowledge in practice in private school plots. Such classes were created in Novosibirsk, Tomsk. I hope that such a project will appear in Orel.
Salis Karakotov, Director General of JSC Shchelkovo-Agrokhim, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, spoke at a conference about vegetation management systems as a key factor in increasing agricultural competitiveness. He presented the forum participants the latest plant protection products, thanks to which the yield can be doubled. Director of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Viktor Dolzhenko also spoke about innovative plant protection products and technologies.
About what achievements in the selection of leguminous crops Serbian scientists managed to achieve at the conference, said Sanya Vasilevich, assistant director for scientific work of the Institute of Field and Vegetable Production of the Republic of Serbia. The speech of Academician Bagrat Sanduhadze turned out to be vivid and emotional.
A famous scientist said that without breeding, agrarian Russia does not have a future.
- The introduction of selection achievements is the cheapest way to increase productivity! - says the academician.
Also at the plenary session of the conference were the acting chairman of the State Commission, Denis Pospekov, director of the Institute of Automation and Control Processes, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yuri Kulchin.
“We must make every effort to develop domestic selection and genetics, science and education, so that the agricultural sector is provided with highly qualified personnel and is based on the achievements of domestic scientists,” summed up the results of the plenary session, the head of the region Andrey Klychkov.
On the same day, in the framework of the forum "Agricultural Week of the Oryol Region - 2018" on the basis of the Oryol State Agrarian University named after N.V.
Parakhina "was a monument to N.V. Parahinov-Russian scientific-practical conference "Plant genetic resources - the basis of selection and seed production in the development of organic agriculture." The conference is dedicated to the memory of Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nikolai Vasilyevich Parakhin (Parakhin Readings II).
It is important that today in the square in front of the main building of the Oryol State Agrarian University a monument was opened to the academician, former rector of the OGAU Nikolai Parakhin.
A source: https://www.nsss-russia.ru/