This year, it is planned to introduce 2,5 thousand hectares for irrigation in the region, including 1,9 thousand hectares during the implementation of the regional component of the federal project "Export of agricultural products" of the national project "International cooperation and export", initiated by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. More than 1 thousand hectares for irrigation will be introduced by the agricultural enterprise "Novoye Zavolzhie" in the Volga region.
Watering is the key to the crop
Governor Dmitry Azarov has repeatedly stressed the importance of developing regional irrigation systems: “We will pay special attention to projects in the field of land reclamation. Only such lands give a guaranteed yield, and hence the greatest economic effect. " According to the Ministry of Agriculture of the region, now about 24,5 thousand hectares of land are under irrigation. On irrigated farmland, 98% of the total volume of potatoes produced at agricultural enterprises and peasant farms (PFH) of the province is grown (about 125 thousand tons), 86% of vegetables (94 thousand tons), 55% of soybeans (15 thousand tons) , 24% of fruit and berry crops (over 3 thousand tons). The state encourages agrarians to introduce as much land as possible for irrigation.
The Minister of Agriculture and Food of the region Nikolay Abashin noted that thanks to the implementation of the national project, agrarians are subsidized up to 70% of capital costs for the construction and reconstruction of irrigation systems. The federal program for the development of land reclamation makes it possible to compensate for up to 50% of investments. Also, according to the regional program, farms can receive subsidies to reimburse 20% of water costs (if the organization is building or renovating reclamation facilities).
Last year, the region developed new measures to stimulate the commissioning of land for irrigation - this is the provision of grants for the development of design estimates for the repair, reconstruction and expansion of such systems. At the end of December, organizations were identified that will receive funds to prepare projects for reclamation work on agricultural land with a total area of more than 7,5 thousand hectares.
“Today we are introducing land for irrigation that has not been under irrigation for decades,” the minister said. - Our task is to maintain the pace of development of land reclamation and improve the mechanisms of state support for agricultural producers. The length of the existing reclamation systems in the field makes it possible to cover 45 thousand hectares with irrigation. "
In the Samara region, not only large companies, but also small farms are implementing projects to restore and create reclamation systems. So, in the Volga region, 18 thousand hectares are under irrigation. In 2019, the agricultural enterprise "Sev-07" LLC carried out the technical re-equipment of the irrigation system on an area of 572 hectares, the peasant farm Tsiruleva E.P. - on an area of 151 hectares. The agricultural production cooperative Novoye Zavolzhye has built a new section of an irrigation canal on an area of 1,14 thousand hectares as part of the regional component of the federal project "Export of agricultural products". This is one third of the 3,5 thousand hectares of land in the region introduced for irrigation last year. Thus, the company was among the leaders in irrigated fields.
According to Nikolay Savenkov, head of the Novoe Zavolzhye SEC, in 2018 they developed a land reclamation project with an area of 2,2 thousand hectares, and the total farmland area of the enterprise is 5,1 thousand hectares.
“In July we launched the first stage of the on-farm irrigation system on an area of 570 hectares, and in November we commissioned the second stage on the same area,” Nikolai Savenkov specified. - The reclamation facility of the cooperative was included in the action plan of the regional component of the federal project "Export of agricultural products" of the national project "International cooperation and export", thanks to which we received subsidies for the implementation of the project in the amount of 76 million rubles. " According to him, this allowed not only to launch a closed irrigation system, which is an extensive network of pipelines laid in the ground, with permanent hydrants through which water enters the sprinkler and irrigation machines, but also to purchase 12 sprinklers. This year, in May and June, it is planned to introduce another 1,16 thousand hectares for irrigation. The cooperative prepares documents to receive another subsidy. “This will allow us to purchase 12 sprinkler machines. In September we plan to cover another 361 hectares with the irrigation system, ”Nikolay Savenkov said.
The farm grows soybeans, grain crops - barley and wheat. They plan to develop corn. Nikolay Savenkov emphasized that land reclamation has a great effect and is a certain guarantee of harvesting even in drought conditions.
Vasily Vasin, Head of the Department of Plant Growing and Agriculture, Professor of the Samara State Agrarian University:
- Land reclamation needs to be developed in order to give stability to agricultural production and crop production, especially given climate change. It is important to continue the restoration of the Spasskaya irrigation system, built in the Volga region in the late 1960s. Then, in the zone of risky farming, this irrigation system became an irreplaceable source of moisture. Today, thanks to state support and investment projects of agricultural enterprises, a systematic reconstruction of its capacities is being carried out. As in previous years, its development plays an important role for the region's economy, because irrigation is a guaranteed harvest every year.