The Ministry of Agriculture has developed amendments to the state program for the development of agriculture in Russia, suggesting the stimulation of work on liming arable land, evaluating the final crop increase in the amount of 150,4 billion rubles, the explanatory note to the draft resolution, published on a single portal of draft regulatory legal acts, says.
“When carrying out the planned measures for liming acidic soils, the additional total increase in crop production until 2025 inclusively will amount to 8451,4 thousand tons of grain units. ... Thanks to the aftereffect of ameliorants until 2031, this increase will amount to 18 857 thousand tons of grain units. According to preliminary estimates, the total value of the yield increase from carrying out measures for liming acidic soils will amount to 150,4 billion rubles, ”the document says.
According to an agrochemical survey, the total area of arable land with an acid soil reaction (pH less than 5,5) is 35,1 million hectares. According to the data of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the average cost of liming soils in 2019 is 16 thousand rubles per hectare, in the Far Eastern Federal District (FEFD) - 37,5 thousand rubles. In 2019, it is planned to produce 714 thousand hectares of acidic soils, in 2020 - 1,097 million hectares, in 2021 - 1,350 million hectares.
The implementation of the draft resolution will require an increase in federal budget expenditures, the document says. In particular, with compensation of 30% of the cost of the work (for the Far Eastern Federal District - 50%) in 2020, expenses will amount to 3,056 billion rubles, in 2021 - 5,872 billion rubles, in 2022 - 6,984 billion rubles. Acidic soils (pH less than 5,5) have unfavorable biological, physical and chemical properties, they have less yield, and the effectiveness of fertilizers is reduced by 30%. Wheat, soy, rape, sunflower, sugar beets are sensitive to increased acidity, the draft resolution states.
A source: https://kvedomosti.ru